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The Distorted Form and Social Correction of the Family Cult Family

Time2020-04-25     AuthoradmReserved   Fromdaaixq.com   Read

The family is the cell of society, and a harmonious and happy family is the cornerstone of building social harmony and stability. However, in a family-type cult family, because the main members of the family are obsessed with cults and engage in illegal activities of cult organizations, the result is: on the one hand, it causes the main bonds of the family such as the relationship between the husband and wife, the parent-child relationship to break, and the family affection lost; On the other hand, it will also lead to the disintegration of the family due to cult crimes or internal coaxing, which will cause a shocking cult incident. For example, in the case of the deliberate murder of the May 28th cult in Shandong Zhaoyuan, the criminal Zhang Lidong and Zhang Fan s father and daughter were sentenced to death, Lv Yingchun was sentenced to life imprisonment, Zhang Hang was sentenced to 10 years imprisonment, and Zhang Qiaolian was sentenced to life imprisonment. 7 years. This family-type cult family was completely destroyed by the crime of the "Almighty God" cult. So, from the perspective of the family environment, what kind of form is the family where the family-type cult obsessed people are? How can we intervene in such cult families? This article analyzes the form and characteristics of the family cult family, and proposes specific correction methods for the difficulties faced by the work, for your reference.

1. The form and main features of the family cult family

First of all, the family form of normal people in society is such an environmental body: their family is a community formed by twisting the belt with the husband and wife as the core, parent and child as the main members, and blood, love, affection and trust. In such a family, the division of labor, social roles, responsibilities and rights boundaries of the members are specifically and clearly defined. Under economic conditions, social ethics, cultural customs and other living conditions, family members jointly assume their respective responsibilities, ensuring that The harmonious development of the family is completely different from that of the family of normal people. The family-type cult family here mainly refers to that there are more than two main family members in the family, such as couples, fathers and sons, mothers and children, or the whole family, joining a cult organization together, forming a spiritual bond with cult ideology as a common family. In this family, the spiritual control of the cult dominates the life and behavior of the whole family, resulting in unclear boundaries and roles and division of responsibilities between family members, gradually destroying the family relationship, and eventually making the family a morbid The family organization system has developed into a morbidly structured family.

The form and characteristics of the family cult family mainly have the following forms:

(1) The family economy is "controlled" by cult organizations. The control of believers' family economy by cult organizations is mainly achieved through various "dedication" of believers. In the family-type cult family, the cult believers have an absolute dominant position. After being spiritually controlled by the cult organization, they often prefer to use their family property to develop cult organization members or engage in various illegal activities of the cult organization. In addition, in order to pursue continuous development, cult organizations need obsessed believers to continuously provide economic sources directly or indirectly for cult organizations, and when family cult family property is provided to their organizations, they will basically not be opposed by family members. And restrictions. On the contrary, in order to gain the trust of the cult organization and to show their piety to the cult leader, they often invariably provide guarantee support for the development of the cult organization. Under such circumstances, the original wealthier cult family will be impoverished, and the already poor cult family will be even worse. There are cases of families who have broken their wealth and become poor because of participating in cults, and I wo nt list them here.

(2) Family rights serve cults. In traditional Chinese social families, normal family rights are generally in the hands of parents, but in family-type cult families, family rights are mainly in the hands of cult members. And this member's position in the cult, his "contribution" to the cult, or the degree of "refinement" to the cult's teachings often determine his status in the family. This kind of "status right" is mainly in the family cult family: first, the couple type. Mainly refers to both the husband and wife are obsessive believers. Marriage-type family rights are mainly controlled by the husband or wife or by the party that first enters the cult organization. In the illegal activities of the cult, the most active party often has the right to speak. The second is the mother-child or father-child type. Mainly refers to the family where both mother (father) and children are cult believers. In this type of family, usually the mother or father first joins the cult, and under their influence and spurs, the children also enter the cult. When all the family members become members of the cult, their entire family becomes a united body against society. And the normal family structure of this family in the past was replaced by the interests of cults. The third is family type. Mainly refers to the family members who have participated in the cult organization and developed the cult organization into the entire family network through kinship, such as the family of brothers and sisters of the father line and brothers and sisters of the mother line, forming relative families such as parents, uncles, uncles, aunts All become cult members. This situation often becomes a feature in the spread of rural cults. In this way, the cult organization controlled the entire family, and even controlled the entire village based on the family blood, which brought great harm to the social and economic development and harmony and stability of the countryside.

(3) Family communication is blocked. A good family communication mainly includes three aspects: the subject, the object and the scene. If these three aspects are taken into consideration in communication, good communication can be formed. If you ignore one or several aspects, it will lead to communication difficulties. In a family-type cult family, members mainly focus on the benefits of cult organizations, often ignoring the individual needs of individual family members, or forcing individual needs to obey the cult s interests. Especially in the cult family, due to the "confidentiality" requirement of the "underground illegal activities" of the cult organization, the free movement of family members is often restricted, resulting in the contradiction between the cult "leader" and the family members in the family. At the same time, due to the spiritual control of the cult, the contradiction between family members cannot be communicated normally, but the other party is positioned from the perspective of the cult and the other party is regarded as a "devil." For example, Zhang Fan of the Almighty God, because of the "obstacle" between him and his mother, Zhang Fan called his mother the "king of evil spirits" and wanted to kill her and then hurry. This shows that family relationships in cult families have been lost and there is no good communication in normal families.

(4) Distorted family relations. On the whole, members of a family-type cult family are deeply imprinted with cults, and their lives and daily behaviors are based on cult doctrines. This forms a twist in the family relationship based on cult beliefs and cult status relationship. In this relationship, family members are either too close or too alienated. This has led to tensions in family relations, which has caused confusion in the role boundaries between subsystems in the family. For example, in the family of Zhang Lidong, the Almighty God family, Zhang Lidong, the father, must obey the leadership of his daughter Zhang Fan, because Zhang Fan is the "spiritual leader" in the entire cult family. Because Zhang Fan "estranged" his mother (Chen Xiujuan) relationship, Zhang Lidong's family also expressed dissatisfaction with Chen Xiujuan. Conversely, Zhang Fan believes that Zhang Qiaolian is a qualified believer in Almighty God, and Zhang Lidong is fortunate to have one more "mistress". It can be seen that in Zhang Lidong's family, her daughter Zhang Fan's cult status has become the driving force for dominating the family. Zhang Fan ordered Zhang Lidong and others to become criminals in the "5.28" blood case. It can be seen from this that the relationship between the members of the family-type cult family is completely controlled by the cult, and the ethical relationship and family relationship in the world no longer exist in the cult family.

2. Difficulties in interfering with family cult families

(1) It is difficult to carry out intervention work at the grassroots level. It has been found in social surveys that it is more difficult for grassroots units at the community level to carry out social intervention work against family cult families. The main reasons are as follows: First, the grass-roots staff lacks understanding of the cult addicts themselves, nor does it grasp the characteristics of cult organizations, nor does it know the specific content of cult doctrines. Therefore, they are difficult to grasp the basic situation of cult personnel and their inner needs, and cannot establish mutual trust and communication with them. The second is not understanding the overall state of the cult family. Staff at the grassroots level often believe that problems with cult families are mainly caused by individuals who are obsessed with cults. They do not see the impact of family environment and social factors on their individuals. And the self-closure of cult addicts is also different. What is the position of the individual addict in the cult family? Who is the leader of the cult members in the family? Since these problems are not studied and grasped, the effect of social intervention is often not satisfactory.

(2) The working methods at the grassroots level are simple. At present, grassroots community personnel currently use family management to replace education for family cults. This has led to grassroots cadres not being able to establish a good relationship of trust with cult-obsessed personnel. At the same time, grassroots personnel lack professional training in education, rescue policies, methods, and skills, resulting in their simple working methods, and they will be unable to handle social interventions.

(3) Difficult to enter the door and difficult to communicate become the main obstacles for the intervention work at the grassroots level. In familial cult families, obsessed people generally adopt an uncooperative attitude toward social help and education, which leads to difficulties for the grassroots community personnel to intervene in the intervention work. Over time, the emotions and psychology of both sides have formed a confrontational state, affecting the normal development of social intervention work.

(4) The working environment limits the depth of social intervention. The main way for the grassroots community to help the family cult family is to enter the house, but because the place of communication between the two parties is the home of the cult obsessed, once the topic of communication involves the cult, the obsessive people are often emotional and the two sides often cause language conflicts. Members of the cult family will besiege the community workers and even drive them out. In addition, grassroots personnel lack the skills and methods of interviewing cult addicts, and do not have the relevant professional knowledge about the content of cult-related conversations. Therefore, social intervention work on family cult families cannot be carried out in depth.

3. Methods of social intervention and correction of family cult families

(1) Evaluation, diagnosis and communication of cult families

(1) First, the general status of the family cult family should be diagnosed and evaluated. It is necessary to fully understand the basic situation and personality characteristics of each person in the cult family. On this basis, what are the main sticking points to accurately diagnose cult families? For example, the crux of the whole family's obsession with cults belongs to the "Quickness and Fitness Type" or the "Superstition God Type" and so on. At the same time, it is necessary to make an assessment of the economic status of their families and find out what their family's financial resources depend on? This level of income is based on the average local economic income. The mastery and evaluation of the above situation will have a basic and targeted role in making a good overall diagnosis and intervention plan.

(2) Diagnosis of individual cult family members. Through this diagnosis, we can find out the difference between individual members and other members of a family cult family, determine the main members and secondary members of the cult family, and make intervention plans according to the specific circumstances. Taking the solution of the main contradictions as the starting point, it advances in layers and breaks down. Generally speaking, as long as the dominant members are resolved, the other members will soften accordingly, and the family-type cult alliance will collapse. Of course, in the specific intervention work, it is necessary to adjust the plan at any time according to the changes of the situation, and to grasp the interaction and interest relationship between individual members and the family as a whole. At the same time, we must pay attention to the impact of social environment (such as other cult personnel in the community) on the cult family, and strive to eliminate external obstacles and obstacles to social interference.

(3) Diagnosis of communication methods of cult families. Generally speaking, the diagnosis of communication means that a certain communication method is more suitable for a certain cult family, that is, this method is easier to be accepted by a cult family. For example, there are "policy communication methods", "promotional communication methods", and "legal rational communication methods" for Falun Gong cult families. However, no matter which communication method is used, smooth communication is the premise. You can't just consider the purpose of helping teaching and ignore the effect of communication. At the same time, basic staff should master communication skills, such as accepting (not agreeing) attitudes to cult-obsessed personnel, respecting the personality of cult-obsessed individuals, and not forcing each other to accept their own views. In communication, you should learn to listen to the voices of obsessed people to accurately understand the thoughts and feelings of cult-obsessed people. To show that they can understand the content and emotions conveyed by cult-obsessed people, gradually establish a sense of trust with cult-obsessed people in the communication, and finally form a good interaction between the two parties.

(2) Both psychological intervention and probation

The social intervention work for cult families mainly starts with ideological education and focuses on psychological counseling. Not only to solve the crux of the mind of the obsessive person, but also to solve the psychological problems of the obsessive person. And because obsessed people are brainwashed by cults, they often insist on their wrong positions, cognitions, and emotions. under these circumstances. Community workers and anti-cult volunteers must adhere to the principles of "love, patience, and perseverance" and establish a trusting communication platform with cult addicts in an emotional way to lay a solid foundation for the ultimate realization of the work goals. Generally speaking, in addition to the early diagnosis and evaluation of the social intervention of the family cult family, the later work is mainly to do a good job of probation and communication, especially after establishing a communication platform, focusing on solving three issues :

(1) Change the emotional orientation of cult personnel. The cult addicts accepted the spiritual control of the cult, and their world outlook, outlook on life, and values were severely distorted, which led to a strong rebelliousness and extremeness in their views and thoughts and feelings on society. Resolve their emotional tendencies, let them put down their paranoid stance, give up opposing emotions, and gradually return to the emotional cognition of normal people. This step paved the way for the success of the intervention.

(2) Change the cult concept of the obsessed. After solving the emotional tendency, it is necessary to change the obsession's cult concept through effective communication and using a large number of facts as evidence. Because each obsession has its own reasons for entering a cult, so "one person, one strategy" is aimed at the crux of the obsession. For example, the two different cruxes of Falun Gong addicts: "Quickness and Fitness" and "Function" should be based on qigong, human science, and psychology to solve different cultivation problems. Finally, guide the obsessed to let go of their hearts and break the concept of cults.

(3) Change the unreasonable family structure in the cult family. Familial cult families often take the "cultivator" of the cult as the family axis. This person may also be a parent or a child. For example, the family of the Almighty God Zhang Lidong took her daughter Zhang Fan as the family axis, and her mother was rejected by Zhang Fan and others. Similar to this cult family, normal family relationships have been destroyed. And our social intervention work is to restore normal family order and help the obsessed to find his own family. In this process, family members can communicate with each other and use traditional Chinese culture (such as filial piety) as a topic to discuss and discuss ethical relationships, relationship between young and old, and the relationship between people and society. His feelings are transferred to the family, adjust the abnormal intimacy and alienation between family members, so that they can establish a clear and stable family boundary, understand their respective family responsibilities, and gradually restore the harmonious family function.

(3) Main methods of intervention and correction

(1) Review the past and wake up memory. By asking the obsessive person to review the past, awaken their past memories. In the communication, let the cult staff recall the life before participating in the cult, especially those past happiness and joy. Through this kind of memory, they can revive their sleepy memories and find the meaning of going back to their past lives. They can also give them a sense of accomplishment and replace their "existence" in the cult organization, thus eliminating the cult s worship and cult organization. rely. During the conversation, we insisted on educating cult personnel with facts of life and changing the emotional positions of cult addicts.

(2) Give up the cult experience. It is through learning to obtain new knowledge content, gradually changing the actual behavior of the obsessive people, so that they can free themselves from the past experience and feelings of cults and bravely face a new life. For example, to those who love Qigong among Falun Gong practitioners, they can teach them new types of qigong (such as new style qigong such as Baduanjin and Liuzijue), replace their cultivating with new forms of qigong, and form a new way to qigong New scientific concept.

(3) Replace cult thinking. This is the ultimate goal of social intervention, that is, to replace the cult thinking of the obsessive with scientific cognition. Through long-term effective communication, scientific thinking and correct world outlook, outlook on life, and values are gradually infused into the minds of obsessed people, so that they form a correct understanding and a positive attitude. Gradually cultivate their independent thinking habits and exert their ability of self-analysis and judgment. In the end, guide them to completely get rid of the spiritual control of cults, establish a harmonious family, and return to society completely and healthily.

(4) Solving practical difficulties is a stabilizer for cult families returning to society

Most of the cult-related personnel are deceived grassroots masses and vulnerable groups in society. Therefore, after helping cult families return to society, they must further help them solve practical difficulties in life. In order to stabilize their lives and ensure that they will not return to cults. This point should pay special attention to the grassroots staff. For example, in the follow-up inspection tour of Guiyang City, Guiyang City found that the former "Falungong" obsessed person Yu Moumou was sentenced to 13 years in prison for violating the law. After early release, he temporarily placed temporary stalls at the gate of Shenhua Auto Parts City, Taici Bridge, Nanming District, Guiyang Sell breakfast. Because it does not have a booth certificate, it is often restricted by the urban management. After understanding this situation, the relevant functional departments of Guiyang City coordinated and handled a legal booth procedure for them to help them solve practical difficulties and make their family life more stable. Consolidate the achievements of helping education better.

Source: Kaifeng.com Editor: Zhu Guitao

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